HoldbrookPrimary School and Nursery

'Dare to Dream, Aim to Achieve'

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All about Early Years

The Reception Curriculum is made up of 7 areas of learning. These are then split into Prime and Specific Areas.

Prime Areas

Personal, Social and Emotional Development:

This prime area of learning involves helping children:

to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others;

to form positive relationships and develop respect for others;

to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings;

to understand appropriate behaviour in groups;

to have confidence in their own abilities.


Communication and Language 

This prime area of learning involves:

giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment;

to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves;

speaking and listening in a range of situations.


Physical Development 

This prime area of learning involves

providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive and to develop their co‐ordination, control, and movement.

understanding the importance of physical activity and making healthy choices in relation to food.


Specific Areas 


Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.



Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating including simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measures.


Understanding the World 

Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.


Expressive Arts and Design 

Expressive Arts and Design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, singing, movement, dance, role‐play and design and technology.


Both adult led sessions and child initiated observations will be based on these areas of learning. 

Children will also be assessed on the characteristics of effective learning